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With an area of 6,592,800 square miles (17,075,400 square kilometres), Russia is the world’s largest country. nominally was a sovereign socialist state that derived its power from the workers and peasants. The federation was formed of administrative-territorial and national-territorial units: republics, territories, regions, federal cities, an autonomous region and autonomous areas, which are equal subjects of the Russian Federation.
It ranks sixth in the world in population, following China, India, the United States, Indonesia, and Brazil. The 1936 constitution, established a federal structure that lasted for about 50 years, despite changes introduced in 1978. The federated structure of the Russian Federation is based on its state integrity, the uniform system of state power, delimitation of scopes of authority and powers between the bodies of state power of the Russian Federation and the bodies of state power of the subjects of the Russian Federation, equality and self-determination of the peoples in the Russian Federation.
In 1995, she headed a new department of the Library – the Business Information Center. Such constitutional constructions as Parliament, subjects of Federation, self-management, Constitutional Court became every day practice.
In 1998, the Business Information Center created a special Center of Legal Information. was politically divided into autonomous republics, autonomous oblasti and okruga – which were the homelands of the more important non-Russian nationalities – as well as provinces and kraya , the latter division including the autonomous provinces and districts. The Constitution of the RSFSR 1918 (in English) Constitution of the USSR 1936 (in English) Constitution (Fundamental Law) of the USSR 1977 (in English) Declaration of Independence of Russia 1990 (in Russian) Federative Treaty The Federative Treaty on allocation of subject matter jurisdiction and competence between the federal bodies of state power and bodies of state power of sub units of the Russian Federation () was signed on March 31, 1992 by plenipotentiary representatives of the federal state power bodies of the Russian Federation and the power bodies of republics within the Russian Federation.
The capital of the Russian Federation is the city of Moscow. Organs of legislative, executive and judicial power are independent” (Article State power in the Russian Federation is exercised by the President of the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly (the Federation Council and the State Duma), the Government of the Russian Federation and courts of the Russian Federation.
The status of the capital is established by the federal law. State power in the subjects of the Russian Federation is exercised by the organs of state authority formed by them.
Russia played a leading role in the creation of the CIS and has maintained its status as the dominant member.
The Constitution is the highest legal act which has a direct effect and supreme legal force and which is applicable throughout the entire territory of the Russia.
) is recognized to be the primary source of law in Russia.
The state language of the Russian Federation throughout its territory is the Russian language. The scopes of authority and powers of the bodies of state authority of the Russian Federation and the bodies of state authority of the subjects of the Russian Federation are delimited under the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Federal and other Treaties on the delimitation of scopes of authority and powers.
The republics have the right to institute their own state languages. and the other republics (Ukrainian, Belorussian and Transcaucasian republics) entered the formal federation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U. The President of the Russian Federation The Russian Federation is a presidential republic.